A little light info to get us all started on TOSCANA:
Total Vineyard Size
59,992 hectares is the size of the total regional vineyard including Quality wines, table wines & table grapes
Dedicated to Quality
40,962 hectares are dedicated to producing grapes for Quality wines.
DOC Bolgheri Sassicaia is one to note as it doesn’t include any native grapes
DOCG Carmignano must contain min 50% Sangiovese, max 20% Canaiolo Nero, max 10-20% international varieties, max 10% local white varieties
DOCG Chianti must contain min 70% Sangiovese. Of the remaining part max 10% white varieties that could be for example Trebbiano Toscano or Malvasia Bianca Lunga
DOCG Chianti Classico must contain min 80% Sangiovese, max 20% other reds
DOCG Elba Aleatico Passito must contain 100% Aleatico
DOCG Brunello di Montalcino 100% Sangiovese Grosso
DOCG Montecucco Sangiovese min 90% Sangiovese
DOCG Vino Nobile di Montepulciano must contain min 70% Sangiovese and max 20% Canaiolo Nero
Native home to one tasty & important white – must contain min 90% Vernaccia di San Gimignano. Find it northwest of Siena.
DOCG Morellino di Scansano based on min 85% Sangiovese
DOCG basedon international varieties
Val di Cornia *
DOCG Val di Cornia Rosso must contain min 40% Sangiovese, max 60% international varieties + max 20% others
% DOP / IGP
The most recent figures from 2013 indicate an estimated 70.3% of wines from Toscana are produced according to EU DOP Quality standards. The region produces 50 different DOP wines, amongst which are 11 DOCG (top classification wines) and one step below 39 DOC wines. They also produce 5 regional IGP wines accounting for 24.3% of production. Table wines account for 5.4% of output.
As always, a number of the regions native grape varieties are used only for blending purposes. That said, we’ve listed those grapes which we understand might be available as mono-varietals or which are important blenders. Naturally, as we make our own discovery, we’ll update these lists.
As one of the worlds truly GREAT grapes, Sangiovese comes in more than one shape and size – amongst others, look out for the Grosso (Brunello), Piccolo (Morellino di Scansano) and Prugnolo Gentile (Vino Nobile di Montepulciano). Also look for it under the name ‘Sangioveto’.
BIANCONE DI ELBA
MALVASIA BIANCA LUNGA
VERNACCIA DI SAN GIMIGNANO*
Crisp citrus fruit in its youth that becomes a more profound, mineral, perfumed and spiced beauty as a RISERVA.
All data is intended to be for indicative purposes only due to the variability from vintage to vintage. But we do try to keep ourselves ‘reasonably’ updated :)